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Blockchain for Traceability in Minerals and Metals Supply Chains: Opportunities and Challenges

How can buyers of metals and minerals prove that the materials they source are responsibly produced?

This research by RCS GLOBAL looks at understanding blockchain and how it could be a potential tool to overcoming the traceability obstacles surrounding the mineral supply chains of tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold (3TG), which are highlighted as potential contributors to the armed conflict in the Great Lakes region in Africa. Also, highlighting the recent attention surrounding the issue of child labour in cobalt mines in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and water pollution in the South American ‘lithium triangle’. Both cobalt and lithium are key components of lithium-ion batteries that power most smartphones, laptops and electric vehicles (EVs).

(Picture by Patrick Hendry, Unplash)

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